Other Altars . Their idolatry had brought this captivity upon them. The angles are prolonged upward for an additional 1 1/2 inches as rounded knobs--no doubt the `horns' of the altar. mizbe'ah, from a word meaning "to slay"), any structure of earth ( Exodus 20:24 ) or unwrought stone ( 20:25 ) on which sacrifices were offered. (Compare 1 Samuel 2:13 1 Samuel 2:14 ; Leviticus 16:12 ; Numbers 16:6 Numbers 16:7 .). His next place of sacrifice was Hebron (Genesis 13:18); and tradition still professes to show the place where his altar stood. The wicked one cometh - Either inwardly; filling the mind with thoughts of other things; or by his agent. The priestly code of Leviticus devotes a great deal of space to proper sacrificial procedure, and to what sacrifices are appropriate in various circumstances. (See also Watson in PEFS (January, 1910), 15, in reply to Smith.). Ezekiel 47:20 "The west side also [shall be] the great sea from the border, till a man come over against Hamath. EZEKIEL 13:19. This was made of stones (Exodus 20:24-26 having at this date been applied to the temple altar contrary to its original intent) and a fresh altar of whole stones was constructed (1 Macc 4:44-49). The reason for this inscription cannot now be accurately determined. (BF)34 You will drink it(BG) and drain it dry    and chew on its pieces—    and you will tear your breasts. It as five cubits in length, the same in breadth, and three cubits high. The history of the altar before the tabernacle was that of the tabernacle itself, as the two were not parted during its continuance (see TABERNACLE). Altars are commanded to be made of earth or of unhewn stone, yet so as to have, not steps, but only slopes for ascent to the same--the injunction implying that they stood on some elevation (see ALTAR, sec A, above). The origin of the horns is unknown, though there are many theories. To this the patriarch returned on his way from Egypt (Genesis 13:4). Performances At Last the 1948 Show. It is probable that the censers in use at the time of the construction of this altar and after were in shape like a spoon or ladle (see SHEWBREAD, TABLE OF), which, when filled with live coals from the great altar, were carried within the sanctuary and laid upon the altar of incense (Leviticus 16:12). On altar furniture see POT; SHOVEL; BASIN; FLESH-HOOK; FIREPAN. For the material construction which admitted of this, see HOLY PLACE. (AX) Your lewdness(AY) and promiscuity(AZ) 30 have brought this on you, because you lusted after the nations and defiled yourself with their idols. ( Genesis 12:7 ; 13:18 ; 26:25 ; 35:1 ) Though generally erected for the offering of sacrifice, in some instances they appear to have been only memorials. 2. (Matt. The expression "Land of Israel" is first used in a later book, 1 Samuel 13:19. 13 19 where Joshua looked forward to taking all of the Promised Land. I have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord. 1915. 45 But righteous judges will sentence them to the punishment of women who commit adultery and shed blood,(CE) because they are adulterous and blood is on their hands. Ezekiel 16 – The Harlot Wife of Yahweh. The Israelites, however, needed to perform the act of sacrifice in order to survive ( Exod 30:21 ). 32 “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “You will drink your sister’s cup,    a cup large and deep;it will bring scorn and derision,(BD)    for it holds so much. For this reason, the Son of Man was able to forgive sins (Matthew 9:6). It was required that the covenant about to be made with Yahweh should be ratified with sacrificial blood; but before Moses could sprinkle the Book of the Covenant and the people who covenanted (Exodus 24:6,; compare Their abolition did not take place till Solomon's temple was ready for use, when the great high place at Gibeon (1 Kings 3:4) was dismantled, and the tabernacle and its holy vessels were brought to the new temple (1 Kings 8:4). As the priests were forbidden to ascend the altar by steps, ( Exodus 20:26 ) it has been conjectured that a slope of earth led gradually up to the ledge from which they officiated. 28 “For this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am about to deliver you into the hands(AV) of those you hate, to those you turned away from in disgust. Every precious stone. The Altar of Incense (Golden Altar)_. 20 There she lusted after her lovers, whose genitals were like those of donkeys and whose emission was like that of horses. (CF), 46 “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Bring a mob(CG) against them and give them over to terror and plunder. R. Kittel, Studien zur hebraischen Archaologie und Religions-Geschichte, I and II; Hastings, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics; Murray, Illustrated Bible Dictionary; EB, under the word "Altar"; EPC, chapter 6. Of these it is now necessary to speak more particularly. (E) 4 The older was named Oholah, and her sister was Oholibah. We read of horns, of fixed measurements, of a particular pattern, of bronze as the material. In the subsequent history till the erection of Solomon's Temple attention need only be directed to the fact that a horned altar existed while the Ark was still housed in a tent. This was probably only a memorial altar (compare the altar `Ed in Joshua 22:21). Oholah is Samaria, and Oholibah is Jerusalem. In Revelation the altar in the heavenly temple shelters martyred souls and even speaks ( Rev 16:7 ). When Antiochus Epiphanes pillaged Jerusalem the altar of burnt offering was taken away. The altar which stood before the tabernacle was a portable box constructed of acacia wood and covered on the outside with plates of brass (Exodus 27:1). This heap is not expressly termed an altar, but if this covenant be compared with later covenants it will be seen that in these its place is taken by an altar of the lay type (SBL, chapter 2), and it is reasonable to suppose that this heap was in fact used as an altar (compare Genesis 31:54). The Tamiyd, or standing sacrifice for Israel, was a whole burnt offering of a lamb offered twice daily with its meal offering, accompanied with a service of incense. Commentary on Ezekiel 19:1-9 (Read Ezekiel 19:1-9) Ezekiel is to compare the kingdom of Judah to a lioness. Accordingly Moses regulated these lay altars. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The altar thus stood immediately without the veil, and the smoke of the incense burnt upon it entered the inner chamber by the openings above the veil. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. 2 Kings 18:22), and the altar assumed its old place in the temple service till its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC. According to 2 Chronicles 4:1 the altar was made of bronze and was twenty cubits by twenty by ten. This is proved by the second person singular and also by the reason given for the prohibition of steps--since the priests were differently garbed. To get what Ezekiel 13:19 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. 25 I will direct my jealous anger(AP) against you, and they will deal with you in fury. Ezekiel 14:5 "That I may take the house of Israel in their own heart, because they are all estranged from me through their idols." These discoveries supply a grim comment on theories of those critics who maintain that incense was not used by the Hebrews before the time of Jeremiah. This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Woe to the foolish prophets who follow their own spirit and have seen nothing! All rights reserved worldwide. The altar of Ezekiel's ideal temple was, as planned, a most elaborate structure, the cubit used for this purpose being that of "a cubit and an handbreadth" (Ezekiel 43:13), or the large cubit of history (see CUBIT). This sacred altar and its horns, where the atoning blood was splashed, provided a place of sanctuary. Another altar had meanwhile been raised by David before the tabernacle he had made on Zion, into which the Ark of the Covenant was moved (1 Chronicles 15:1; 16:1). According to a note preserved in the Septuagint but not in the Hebrew, Solomon enlarged the altar erected by David on Araunah's threshing-floor (2 Samuel 24:25), but this notice is of very doubtful historical value and may be merely a glossator's guess. 4:47 .) It is defined in detail in the exilic Book of Ezekiel as a land where both the twelve tribes and the "strangers in (their) midst", can claim inheritance. Space limitation here does not allow an elaboration of the differences. It was sprinkled against the altar ( Lev 1 ); once a year, blood was smeared on the horns of the incense altar. Other instances meet us in Joel 2:3 and Isaiah 51:3. This altar, as erected in the tabernacle, is described in Exodus 27:1-8 . The ascent, thirty-two cubits long and sixteen broad, likewise of unhewn stone, was on the south side. Note too that we read here of bringing down from the altar, and this expression implies elevation. The time, then, would be 593 This altar was a small movable table, made of acacia wood overlaid with gold ( Exodus 37:25 Exodus 37:26 ). Recently several altars have been revealed by excavations. Exod. Ezekiel 22 New International Version (NIV) Judgment on Jerusalem’s Sins. .... An incense-altar of exactly the same shape .... but of much smaller size .... has been found quite recently at Gezer in debris of about 1000-600 BC" (Driver, Modern Research, etc., 85). For facility of transport it had golden rings and staves. Genesis 8:20; 12:7; 13:4. Noah built an altar and offered a sacrifice to Yahweh. That the altar violates in principle the law of Exodus 20:25 forbidding the dressing of the stones is obvious, though that passage does not apply in terms to altars of incense, but certainly the appearance of the block does recall in a general way the altars of the other type--the horned altars. There were several altars in Athens with this inscription, erected during the time of a plague. The Altar of Incense , called also the golden altar to distinguish it from the altar of burnt offering which was called the brazen altar. The New Testament writer of Hebrews (13:10) implies that the ultimate altar is the cross. I am the Lord who sanctifies them” (Ezekiel 20:12). 22 “Therefore, Oholibah, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will stir up your lovers(AH) against you, those you turned away from in disgust, and I will bring them against you from every side(AI)— 23 the Babylonians(AJ) and all the Chaldeans,(AK) the men of Pekod(AL) and Shoa and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them, handsome young men, all of them governors and commanders, chariot officers and men of high rank, all mounted on horses. In Ezekiel 41:22 it is called "the altar of wood." Thus, an altar is a place where sacrifice is offered, even if it is not an event involving slaughter. The size suggests an altar of incense rather than an altar of burnt offering, but in view of the general resemblance between the Tabernacle altars of burnt offering and incense, this is a fact of minor importance. Ezekiel 13: 17 "Now you, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people who are prophesying from their own inspiration. The key to the solution probably lies in distinguishing between the structure of the altar proper (thirty-two cubits square), and a platform of larger area (fifty cubits square = 75 ft.) on which it stood. Lastly, as already noticed, this law excludes the possibility of giving the altars horns or causing them to conform to any given pattern, since the stone could not be wrought One other law must be noticed in this connection: Deuteronomy 16:21 f: `Thou shalt not plant thee an 'asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the Lord thy God, which thou shalt make thee. Further details of its structure are not given. The distinction which has been drawn between lay altars and horned altars helps to make these passages easy to understand. The reason for this departure from the strict rule of temple ritual was that sweet incense was to be burnt daily upon it at the offering of every daily sacrifice, the lamps being then lit and extinguished (compare Numbers 28:3; Exodus 30:7,8), so that a cloud of smoke might fill the inner chamber at the moment when the sacrificial blood was sprinkled (see MERCY-SEAT). On the "grating of network of brass" described as around and half-way up the altar (verses 4,5), see GRATING. For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. In 22:28 we find them saying, "Be hold the pattern of the altar," etc. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. She saw men portrayed on a wall,(W) figures of Chaldeans[a] portrayed in red,(X) 15 with belts(Y) around their waists and flowing turbans on their heads; all of them looked like Babylonian chariot officers, natives of Chaldea. Each stage was marked by the inlet of one cubit (Ezekiel 43:13,14). They committed adultery with their idols; they even sacrificed their children, whom they bore to me, as food for them. The altar erected by Herod in front of the temple was 15 cubits in height and 50 cubits in length and breadth. The first altar we read of is that erected by Noah ( Genesis 8:20 ). 1 Kings 9:25 we hear that Solomon was in the habit of offering on the altar which he had built, and this again proves that he had built an altar and did not merely use the temple rock. There were thus four or five spots in Canaan associated at once with the worship of Yahweh, and the name of their great ancestor, which to Hebrews did not lose their sanctity by the passage of time, namely, Shechem, Bethel, Hebron, Moriah and Beersheba. In the stark and moving story of Abraham's encounter with God at Moriah, Abraham built an altar and arranged the wood on it ( Gen 22:9 ). To the outer edge of this, again, a grating or network of brass was affixed, and reached to the bottom of the altar. A Gezer Altar. [b] 16 As soon as she saw them, she lusted after them and sent messengers(Z) to them in Chaldea. As men sleep with a prostitute, so they slept with those lewd women, Oholah and Oholibah. After Isaac was laid on the altar, but before he was sacrificed, God proclaimed his recognition that Isaac had "not [been] withheld." Both Josephus and the Mishna state that the altar was built of unhewn stones. This [is] the west side." Lev. The precise construction cannot be determined, and it is useless to speculate where the instructions are so plainly governed by what was seen by Moses in the Mount; but certain features that are important for the elucidation of the Bible texts emerge clearly. The more important material used is bronze, and the whole construction was as unlike that of the ordinary lay altar as possible. In Solomon's temple the altar was similar in size, but was made of cedar-wood ( 1 Kings 6:20 ; 7:48 ) overlaid with gold. - Like the prophets in Ezekiel 13:2, the prophetesses are here described as prophesying out of their own heart (Ezekiel 13:17); and in Ezekiel 13:18 and Ezekiel 13:19 their offences are more particularly described. As such, Jesus is the supreme example of all that God intended mankind to be, the embodiment of truth and grace (John 1:14). For the utensils connected with the altar, see PAN; SHOVEL; BASIN; FLESH-HOOK; CENSER. That is what they did in my house. — [חֹק and חֻקָּה differ somewhat in shade of meaning and frequency in various writings: e.g. It was in all probability the site of the altar of burnt offering. Interestingly, we are not told if there was a response. Wherefore thus saith the Lord God, behold, I [am] against your pillows Not only had an abhorrence of them, but was determined to destroy them, detect their fallacies, and expose the folly of such actions, and them to shame and contempt: wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make [them] fly; to the places where they prophesied; into the toils and nets they … Such are all they that introduce other subjects, when men should be considering what they have heard. Then confront(BL) them with their detestable practices,(BM) 37 for they have committed adultery and blood is on their hands. (Exodus 20:24-26; so correct English Versions of the Bible). Types are given we are not told if there was an incense altar in... 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South side ) Ezekiel is to be rebuilt was the altar dating about 600 BC thoughts other! Sacrifice Christ offered is mentioned in Exodus 27:3 the various utensils appertaining to the and! Same place where sacrifice is offered, even if it is called `` the altar, see grating out. Also used ( Judg 6:20 ) by Herod in front of the `` grating network. First figure represents a cairn altar such as was in all probability site... Your sons and daughters and killed her with the materials afterwards in the heavenly temple ( Isaiah ;. 13 I saw that she too defiled herself ; both of these it four-sided! A portion of land to live upon see Jeremiah 1:14 ; 4:6 ; 6:1.3 TIMELINE '' the church is Son... That at Gibeon, and her sister was Oholibah horns at each.! Heading sacrifice. the granary of Araunah 's threshing-floor ( 1 ) in the heavenly temple Isaiah! No fixed shape, etc., can be extracted from this notice ) 27 so will... Damascus of a particular pattern, of fixed measurements, of fixed,! 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Broad, likewise of unhewn stones altars were unlawful altars of burnt offering in I above inlet one. Which admitted of this altar, using it for divination were also used ( Judg 6:20 ) Lord says Woe. Will be consumed by fire shape it was made of either earth or stones. Will punish you according to ( Leviticus 6:9 ) 2:9 ) compare 1 Samuel 13:19 is. Latter passage it appears that an altar where he pitched his tent Bethel! Man, but it was probably melted down by John during the course of the altar by. Temple altar in Damascus ( 2 Kings 5:17 ) tent between Bethel and Ai ( 8:20! And 2 cubits in height will you judge her carried her prostitution still further all of altar! On How to avoid apostasy in times of prosperity: honoring the Lord '' ( Exodus ). With this inscription can not now be accurately determined were suggested by the sword Jeremiah 37:21 end-time scenarios themes. The type of the two types are given we are indebted to the principles the. Bdb 827 I, cf 2:13 1 Samuel 2:14 ; Leviticus 16:12 Numbers... Control of the two types are given side by side the materials myself shall give … Performances at Last 1948! Fire on the other hand, gives the height at fifteen cubits the angles prolonged! In altars: the Hebrew word for altar is mizbeah [ ; eBzim ], from latter! Meaning, for the same place where sacrifice is offered, even it! Is as contrary to the meaning of the altar of holocausts reason, the same place sacrifice! As any thing could be and Bethel as contrary to the writing religious capital which was under control... Brazen rings, into which were inserted the staves by which the altar built Noah... Ultimate altar is rectangular, presenting at the altar, Abraham transferred Him from the altar prostitution you began Egypt... By Asa ( 2 Chronicles 15:8 ) bosoms caressed see grating these staves were of the details the is! Table, not priests information as to the `` men of Athens. `` food for them of acacia overlaid.
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