Redvers, SK S0C 2H0 During times of considerable rain, weekly watering may not be necessary. They’re cost-effective, ecologically responsible and stunning. Watershed Manager: Kerry Check with your local conservation authority before proceeding. catalogue of native plant growers in Ontario. 306-745-9774, Old Wives Watershed Association It can be helpful to keep tabs on a shrub or tree over the course of a year to get a better idea of which branches should be removed without compromising the natural shape of the plant. Watershed Manager: Colleen 2x – Blue Vervain. NATIVE PLANTS FOR ENHANCING HALTON’S RICH NATURAL HERITAGE From Carolinian forests on the Lake Ontario shoreline to ancient cedar stands along the escarpment and vast tracts of woodlands in Nassagewya, Halton contains a rich and diverse natural heritage. Aquatic vegetation such as water lilies, and emergent plants such as bulrushes are another key habitat feature for small fish and amphibians. 306-549-4061, South Saskatchewan River Basin Council We have included tools and links to help guide you through the process. Watershed Manager: Jamie Holdstock Cutting the collar can damage the tree or shrub by increasing healing time and susceptibility to infection. Here about why your shore is significant to the health of the lake and why your choices are important. When the Love Your Lake team assessed this property, they noted an obvious slope to the property that had some exposed soil (erosion) and an undercutting of the bank. Natural shorelines protect property values from decreasing due to loss of land, wind or water damage, and poor water quality. Typically, an alien species becomes invasive because of a lack of natural controls such as predators About 33 of these species are native to the area. And to avoid rotting, the mulch should not touch the trunk or main stems. ... Ontario Invasive Plant Council. The mulch should form a conical shape, being thicker at the perimeter to funnel water inward to the base of the trunk or main stems. The document attempts to bring together in one place a description of many common native species that will grow in Haliburton (Zone 4).  It is not an all-inclusive listing as there are hundreds of Native species - some of which will grow here and some that are limited to more southern areas.  Be mindful that shoreline plants are often subjected to strong winter winds and severe cold.  Therefore some protection such as mulching with shredded leaves during the first year or two may help young plants become well established. This list has been prepared as a guide to property owners, land stewards and planners in the selection of native plant … Native plants and landscapes have many benefits for the environment and surrounding communities. “We sell a wide variety of native plants to home gardeners exclusively online and mail them fresh to your door,” says Reyna Matties, manager of the young, social media-savvy company, which boasts more than 1,000 Instagram followers and counting. They range from shade tolerant to sun-loving and from drought resistant to species that thrive in wet conditions. And by maintaining a natural shoreline, you’re doing your part to conserve a healthy lake and a thriving wildlife population. Shade also reduces water evaporation from the soil. Short grass acts as a hard surface that allows polluted rainwater to flow straight into the lake. Lake Simcoe and its watershed is an invaluable natural and recreational resource. Esterhazy, SK S0A 0X0 But also just seeing wildlife enjoying it and realizing that we can cohabitate comfortably.”. Many nurseries also carry invasive species and the buyer may not be aware of this.  Native plants, especially perennials, in specialty nurseries are often very small and may take time and effort to establish.  A list of Native plant Nurseries is provided at the end of the document. Mark S. Burnham Provincial Park (Hwy #7, east of Peterborough). © 2019 Love Your Lake. Sandy, dry soil: Bush honeysuckle (native), Common or Creeping Juniper, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, White Pine, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac, Sandy, wet soil: Willow’s (pussy willow, black willow, shrubby willow, sandbar willow), Wild Black Currant, Silver Maple, Swamp Rose, Red Osier Dogwood, Showy Mountain-ash, Speckled Alder, Sweet Gale, Tamarack, Bunchberry, Buttonbush, Clay, moist, wet soil: Silky Dogwood, Black Chokeberry, Black Elderberry, Grey Dogwood, Highbush Cranberry, Meadowsweet, Clay, Dry soil: Red Oak, Smooth Wild Rose, Witch Hazel, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Snowberry, Sugar Maple, Loamy, moist, wet soil: Highbush Cranberry, Sweet Gale, Meadowsweet, Swamp Rose, Red Osier Dogwood, Buttonbush, Various Willows, Loamy, dry soil: Bush Honeysuckle, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, Red Oak, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac, Plant Suggestions: Ontario Native Shoreline Plants and National Native Plant Encyclopedia. Bracebridge, ON P1L 1N3, Rideau Valley Conservation Authority They help hold the soil to control erosion, reduce weed growth, or provide a lawn alternative that minimizes mowing while adding beautiful foliage and texture to the landscape. 2x – Cardinal Flower. The former will inform your species choices, while the latter will ensure access to the water and any recreational areas, and low-lying shrubs in areas with better views of the lake. Watershed Manager: Kevin Steinley Possible disinfecting solutions can include one part bleach, dish soap or pine oil cleaner in three parts water. Most native shoreline vegetation will require little to no pruning at all. … Check out our Native Plant Supplier List. As well, any insects that were living on the tree before it fell are now a source of food. 306-582-7774, Upper Souris Watershed Association Watershed Manager: Tyler Fewings I have access to the water. We hand collect and grow all our Ontario Native plants, strictly from seeds we collect. Watershed Manager: Alice Davis shoreline vegetation allows native plants to fill in the shoreland zone and increase biodiversity, wildlife habitat and protect property values. The shade cast by plants provides fish and other wildlife, as well as people, with relief from the summer sun. Â, Shoreline protection and an understanding of how it affects waterways is critical for wildlife habitat for a variety of species including spawning fish, aquatic insects, turtles and nesting waterfowl.  Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality.  A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion.Â. Hafford SK S0J 1A0 Late fall and early winter is the best time to prune, as this will minimize sap loss and the threat of fungal or insect infestations. Gravelbourg, SK S0H 1X0 Most of the plants featured on this website grow elsewhere in eastern North America, and many grow elsewhere in the world. Â, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, Contact the Haliburton Master gardeners at, Vegetable Gardening Tips for Flower Gardeners. Many people remove these plants as they want beach-like swimming areas. Shoreline buffers of native vegetation have several benefits for the environment and landowners. Our waterfront is part of the Carolinian Life Zone, and is home to unique species found only in Southwest Ontario and south into the Carolinas. The ribbon of land between the lake and cottage has undergone monumental changes since lake development began.  Many cottage owners removed the natural vegetation at the shoreline in an attempt to urbanize the area.  We now understand that this has disturbed the natural environment for wildlife as well as reducing the water quality of the lakes. When pruning trees, make sure you don’t remove the crown bud (the highest budding branch on the tree) as this forces the tree to grow wide instead of tall. Dead branches can be pruned any time. Manotick, ON K4M 1A5 It’s tall and narrow and tapers to a skinny point at the top. MAPLE operates a nursery where it grows native Ontario plants for shoreline planting. We are currently working on expanding further across Canada to help as many landowners as possible. We are offering over 100 species with 19 new species to look forward to in 2021. Although an established native shoreline can be a great natural defense against erosion, it can also wash away if subject to high water-levels or intense waves for an extended period of time. They all naturalized their shorelines. The downside to this, if there is one, is that sourcing native plants tends to be difficult and expensive.  Most nursery stock of ‘native plants’ are hybrids. Branches should compose at least two-thirds of the shrub or tree, to ensure that the vegetation has enough mature leaves to support growth and survival. This website is all about wildflowers that grow in Ontario (Canada). The leaves above ground reduce the impact of rain and surface water on the soil surface, and also the severity of wave action from water currents and boat wakes. For information about The Natural Edge program, contact Watersheds Canada (program coordinator) at  613-264-1244 or visit, Muskoka Watershed Council Watershed Manager: David Pattyson This wedge-cut is not intended to remove the branch. They act as cover for small fish and other aquatic life as they can be used to hide from predators, and protect species from the sun and overhead birds. Black Eyed Susans flower from June to September, so they’re great to mix in with spring-blooming Ontario native plants to ensure your garden is colorful for the entire patio season. This reduces the amount of direct drainage into the lake, limiting flood potential and helping the lake regulate its water levels more easily. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Different plants thrive better in specific situations. Welcome to the Ontario Wildflowers website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's wildflowers. These issues could be due to little to no vegetative buffer, lawn to the water’s edge and wave action from the lake. Water trees and shrubs early or late in the day at the base of their trunk or main stems. Before you begin, determine the conditions of your property and make a layout plan. Vous utilisez un navigateur désuet qui n’est plus accepté par 306-343-9549, Swift Current Creek Watershed Stewards May 24, 2013 - Explore Marina French's board "Native shoreline" on Pinterest. Box 458 Swift Current, SK S9H 3X3 Origin Native Plants is a retail and wholesale native plant nursery located in Guelph, Ontario. Plus, once established, native plantings have beautiful flowers and are great wildlife habitat. Muskoka Watershed Council - shoreline naturalization program  Canada Wildlife Federation - Gardening for Wildlife. All rights reserved |, download the free Native Plant Care Guide courtesy of The Natural Edge, Canadian Wildlife Federation: Gardening for Wildlife. We will re-open for Pre-Orders on March 1, 2021. Ontario Native Plants! An excellent example of a white pine forest and natural shoreline along Jackson Creek. In total 73 plants were planted. The increased vegetation along the shoreline has also helped to break up rainfall, reducing the impact on sensitive soils, and allowing runoff to absorb into the ground. Some shrubs and trees produce suckering branches that emerge from underground roots near the trunk or base of the main stem of the plant. It was enough to recommend the planting of native shrubs and trees to mitigate soil loss and enhance water filtration. 2x – Ostrich Fern. If you have a grassy shoreline try not to mow it. Once you approve the planting plan we will schedule a planting date and come fully equipped with everything needed to complete the naturalization. “I would recommend for anyone who has property along the shoreline to look into naturalization. • Install tree guards around maple and birch seedlings to prevent rodents from eating the stems. I can enjoy the waterway. Woody structures such as trees and branches are great fish and wildlife habitat. Native plants that work well as groundcover range in height from a soil-hugging six inches to ferns that exceed three feet. native plant species to suit any type of conditions. This will reduce its vulnerability to fungal or insect infestation. These 3 hour workshops are in a classroom setting. After four years, the plants are thriving, a strong root system is holding in soil and overhanging foliage is breaking up waves and lessening the impact on the soil. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. Here are before and after photos and testimonials from actual shoreline properties owners. As plants along the shoreline grow, the branches and leaves will overhang creating shade. I can sit on the dock. Box 1602 or re-establishing shoreline buffers of native vegetation on properties across Ontario. The presence of both creates a basket root system that, like a rebar, ensures soil stability. Melfort, SK S0E 1A0 The shoreline of this property had a few trees and some ornamental plants. In addition to naturally occurring habitat, you can also create habitat by placing. Native plant sale: The native plant sale happens each spring and fall and provides native plants for the purpose of shoreline re-naturalization, habitat creation, erosion control, the establishment of rain gardens and low maintenance property beautification. Your options are plentiful, but we’ve rounded up 17 native plants in Canada to get you started. Creating or re-establishing a natural shoreline takes planning. Reptiles, amphibians, fish, birds, insects and mammals use the shoreline for mating, rearing young, food, shelter and protection from predators. Make a wedge shape cut, roughly one-quarter of the branch diameter, on the underside of the branch, and approximately 12 cm (5 inches) from the branch collar. Woodland Kit. Join seasoned experts with over 20 years’ experience in naturalizing, restoring, and designing shoreline gardens across Ontario. When you cut, do so at the branch collar (where it is attached to its parent branch or to the tree’s trunk) to reduce the risk of unwanted damage and infestation, and allow for faster healing. Our specialists create planting plans based on land characteristics (soil type, moisture level, etc…), and landowner’s preferences (sight lines, heights, flowering vs non flowering, etc…) doing our best to customize it to your needs. To figure out your property condition, consider any existing vegetation. Native vegetation is naturally suited to withstand the climate, soil types, and environmental conditions of local and regional areas. Table 1 provides a detailed listing of various benefits that can result from shoreline buffers. Complete rejuvenation involves cutting the entire shrub back until just the stump remains, about 15-25 centimetres (6-10 inches) above the ground. When adding mulch, it should extend as far out as the bottom branches of the shrub or tree, with a depth of 5-10 centimetres (2-4 inches). Loam is a combination of one or more of the above and usually contains a high content of organic matter, Contact your local nurseries to find the native plants you would like to use. Box 40 To successfully prune shrubs and trees without tearing bark or splitting wood, and to. A natural shoreline can be one of the easiest ways to ensure the health of both your lake and property. See more ideas about Shoreline, Plants, Sammamish. Here are before-and-after photos and testimonials from actual shoreline property owners. 2x – Boneset. Having a natural shoreline can increase your property value, as it’s less likely to erode and it helps improve water quality. A combination of shrubs and trees creates the best root system to hold soil and filter water runoff. Check out our, Dig a hole large enough to ensure the plant’s roots are completely covered, Put the plant in the hole and cover with the removed soil and any topsoil you may need to fill in the rest, Ensure no air in the hole by gently stomping around the base of the plant and packing the soil down, Leave at least a metre around each plant so they’re not fighting for the same nutrients, Lay mulch around the base of your plant to protect it from weeds and other predatory plants, Water your plants well to keep them healthy and to remove any leftover air pockets contained within the soil, During the spring months: April, May and June, During drought-like periods during the summer months, Trees and large shrubs require 20-30 litres (4-6 gallons) of water weekly, Smaller shrubs require 10-20 litres (2-4 gallons) of water weekly, Ground cover will only require watering when the soils are dry, suppressing unwanted weeds that could compete with new shrubs and trees, reducing water evaporation from the first few inches of soil, providing valuable nutrients to the new plants, insulating and protecting roots from extreme effects of heat and cold. Also, a natural shoreline is the best defence against erosion, as the roots will help hold the soil in place and filter the runoff that flows into the lake. Losing this vegetation exposes shoreline property owners to: The overabundance of algae on surface water. After naturalizing their shoreline with 112 plants 4 years ago, the plants have flourished. Over 70% of land-based wildlife and 90% of aquatic life depend on shorelines during some point in their lives. Stay up-to-date on the Love Your Lake program by receiving free updates on Canada’s lakes and rivers. Clay is fine and feels sticky. 306-861-9913. The ideal buffer width is at least 30 metres; however, any buffer is better than no buffer, and the bigger the buffer the better! Plus, once established, native plantings have beautiful flowers and are great wildlife habitat. Shoreline vegetation loss can lead to the decline of species diversity as vegetated shorelines are home to over 70% of land-based wildlife and 90% of aquatic species at some point in their lifetime. How to plant native species along your shoreline: • It’s best to do your planting in the spring or fall. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. Once shrubs begin to show signs of aging, rejuvenating pruning can be done to encourage new growth to emerge. Contact your local nurseries to find the native plants you would like to use. Watershed Manager: Tammy Myers When the tree is young, its bar is covered in sap blisters. The vast network of roots under a natural shoreline holds soil in place and prevents shorelines against slumping and washing away. Shoreline vegetation acts as a buffer to a host of natural and man-made pollutants. It’s why shorelines are known as the “ribbon of life.”. North America Native Plant Society. Saskatoon, SK S7L 2A4 We offer a wide range of plants native to southern Ontario and Manitoulin Island. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. Our 2021 Plant Catalog is now available! Our experts weighed in to identify the six most common shoreline environments and the plants that work best for each: While native vegetation will be largely maintenance-free after two to five years, the first few years will require occasional watering or pruning. MAPLEhas co-ordinated several shoreline restoration projects in eastern Ontario. Pruning should never remove more than 25% of the crown of the shrub or tree. However, some shrubs, usually those that flower, should be pruned in the early spring before the buds emerge, or after the flowers have died. Quantities are limited for some plants, so you can start your planning now to ensure that you can order the plants you want in March. Approximately 20-30 cm (8-12 inches) away from the branch collar, farther than the wedge-cut, cut the branch completely, starting at the topside of the branch. Box 965 Wet/Shoreline Kit. Removing the dead flowers can help the shrub leaf out nicely by encouraging nutrients to access the leaves. 70 Pine Street 2x – Bog Goldenrod. Four years later, the naturalization of the shoreline has taken very well. En savoir plus sur les navigateurs que nous supportons. If we visit your property, we would conduct a shoreline assessment and work with you to create a personalized planting plan to best suit your property, taking into account areas of concern, access points, seating areas and personal preferences. For this reason, they should be pruned to ensure the main plant does not die off. Whether you're looking to attract wildlife, add seasonal colour to your property, or reduce your environmental footprint, we have the plants for you. Branches that are dead, diseased or damaged should be pruned to protect the plant from further health risks. This is now a completely natural shoreline that has done tremendous work to reduce erosion and excess nutrient runoff, and provide vital habitat to fish and wildlife. Watershed Planning Technician: Rebecca Willison The increased buffer along this shoreline has been very successful. Once established, they require less maintenance and watering than non-native ornamental plants. With consumer demand for native plants increasing, Ontario Native Plants, a daughter company of Verbinnen’s, was launched in 2017. Gradual rejuvenation involves removing old growth by one-third every year until all old growth has been removed. Moose Jaw, SK S6H 7K7 Naturalizing your shoreline can be one of the easiest ways to ensure the health of both your lake and property. Sound Native Plants works extensively on shoreline issues including identification of high water lines, determination of building setbacks, shoreline stabilization and erosion control, riparian habitat restoration, and bulkhead alternatives for lake and marine shores. In addition, these logs create an easy transition from land to water for many frogs and turtles. They all naturalized their shorelines. Our passion is to increase the biodiversity of the southern Ontario landscape by offering local, native stock. I have the best of both worlds in my view. 306-691-3399, North Saskatchewan River Basin Council Proprietor Karen Abrahams operates the nursery with family and friends and shares the love of Ontario's natural areas and native flora with native plant gardeners across the Greater Toronto Area. Balsam fir is one of the most recognizable trees in Ontario. Trees and branches that have fallen into the water or along the shoreline should be left alone. Buffers can reduce flooding by slowing the velocity of surface runoff so it absorbs into the ground and becomes groundwater. Small fish and frogs often hang around in shaded areas as it protects them from the sun and birds that may be preying on them. The ideal natural buffer width is at least 30 metres, but any buffer is better than no buffer! Balsam grows in a variety of climates and temperatures and is found across Ontario. Les navigateurs désuets ne disposent pas de caractéristiques sécuritaires permettant d’assurer la sécurité de vos renseignements. Silt grains are medium in thickness but feel smooth or floury. When choosing plants, refer to Ontario Native Shoreline Plants or National Native Plant Encyclopedia to find suitable plants for your property (please be aware that some of these species are unavailable at local nurseries). 2x – Sneezeweed . Box 104 Old mulch should be removed before new mulch is placed, or can be mixed together instead of layered. • Check the instructions on your seed or plant and make sure they match the soil conditions and sun and water availability at your chosen planting site. With a slope along the shore and little vegetation, this risk of erosion was high, there was little to no wildlife habitat and insufficient water filtration. When you call for help, we will determine if you qualify for a site visit. As well, overhanging plants provide a source of food as insects will often fall into the water for the waiting fish. The native shrubs and trees have done a great job providing essential wildlife habitat, water filtration and erosion control. Bring pictures of your shoreline. 2x – Swamp Milkweed. limit infection or infestation, follow these steps: For diagrams and more pruning tips, download the free Native Plant Care Guide courtesy of The Natural Edge.
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