RHS statement on peat Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board - Sustainable resource use in horticulture: a systems approach to delivering high quality plants grown in sustainable substrates, with efficient water use and novel nutrient sources. But also the modern industrial maltings, such as Port Ellen, Glen Esk and Glen Ord, use the peat more efficiently than what can be achieved with traditional kiln fires. It also helps the soil retain water. With an eye to the future, some scotch whisky stakeholders have investigated the possibility of importing peat from abroad. Cost – Peat is cheap to extract and peat bogs have few other ‘productive’ uses, so it is very cost effective. There are a number of uses for it, although the two primary ones are as a type of fuel and as a fertilizer. The peat that is used to produce the garden compost is mainly derived from peat bogs. availability (a requirement for large volumes), cost (cheap as possible but horticulturalists also recognise cost savings elsewhere, e.g. Under the title of 'Project 4', a working group of industry stakeholders is attempting to balance a robust sustainability assessment with a pragmatic and cost effective approach that has been re-titled “responsibly sourced growing media”. Finland, Ireland, and Scotland are the biggest consumers of peat as a fuel. If that tickles your fancy, the BenRiach 10-Year-Old Curiositas is the ideal introduction. During peat extraction, peat is drained and dried before storage or transportation for sale. Ongoing research at the RHS is examining management of soil organic matter in a horticultural context. It was only till the 1940s that peat has a place in horticulture. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Peat is the substrate that is most used in the cultivation of all types of plants . Peats may be divided into several types, including fibric, coarse hemic, hemic, fine hemic, and sapric, based on their macroscopic, microscopic, and chemical characteristics. Here are some of the uses or benefits of peat moss: Water and nutrient retention: peat moss has the ability to hold water well. Dried peat burns readily with a smoky flame and a characteristic odour. Plant material decomposes more rapidly in groundwater rich in nutrients than in elevated bogs with heavy rainfall. ), and peatlands used for economic uses such as agriculture, forestry and excavation for energy & heat generation, horticulture and a other uses. Many countries exploit and sell their peat resources, especially Ireland, Scotland, and Finland. In the meantime, distillers like BenRiach and others continue to burn peat, this time not by necessity, but choice. In these nations, blocks are readily available as a fuel source, and it is also … Peat moss (Sphagnum) is one of the most common constituents of peat. There, after slight maceration, it is pumped to a draining ground in a layer, which, after partial drying, is cut up and dried further. However, the question of how best to maintain and improve healthy garden soils remains. Maceration tends to yield more uniform shrinkage and a denser and tougher fuel. Balneotherapy. Read more about starting seeds easily. This includes management of water and nutrition and both remain a challenge. Due to a sizeable list of benefits, it is one of the most widely used … Peat moss is a stringy, fibrous substance that helps break up heavy clay soils to aerate plant root systems. Other alternatives. The bricks are then used as fuel, mostly for heating homes and businesses. Peat is usually hand-cut, although progress has been made in the excavation and spreading of peat by mechanical methods. Northern Europe, particularly Scandinavia and the British Isles, have the most peatlands harvested for fuel use. When mixed together, as a product, this complexity is often compounded and chemical and physical properties can differ from mix to mix. Compared to coal products, peat has a much lower energy density of only 15 MJ/kg. Ongoing RHS research is examining water management in different mixes closely. Peat has been used as a form of energy for at least 2 000 years. It is cut out of peat bogs in slabs, dried out, and used to warm houses and cook. Peat used to be cut from the ground by hand. Most peat is used close to the bogs from which it comes. Traditionally, a variety of organic materials have been used as mulches or soil conditioners in order to improve the performance of plants - largely through improved nutrient provision and improved soil water management. Although peat is not used widely to generate electricity as it has a low carbon content, less than 60%, it is still used for domestic heating in some places around the world. For garden use, the peat is allowed to freeze when wet to improve its water retention. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It is majorly used for planting seedlings, potting soil, transplanting plants and composting to fertilize the plants. This peat is more a super-rich loam soil than pure organic matter. Peat is a spongy substance which is an effect of incomplete decomposition of plant residues in different stages of decomposition. Most gardeners recognize the value of a healthy soil in order to support a healthy garden. Many garden centres refuse to sell plants in peat-based composts, but there is still a need for the use of peat to be banned totally. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The addition of organic matter to soil helps aid nutrient provision, optimizes water management and potentially sequesters carbon thus helping mitigate climate change. The resulting peat brick (or briquette as they are commonly known) is a fuel that is virtually smokeless, slow-burning, and easy to store and transport. This includes birds, such as snipe and the skylark, which breed on peat bogs, as do many butterflies and dragonflies. reduced use of fertilisers). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It also helps fluff up the soil allowing roots of seedlings to grow easily. In addition, when examining the effects of repeated organic matter application on soil chemical and physical factors more closely, it is even less likely that they will all be ideal. But did you know there are two types? Peat is widely used in balneotherapy (the use of bathing to treat disease). Using a shovel, it’s exposed into shelf-like formations. Updates? With increasing depth of burial and increasing temperature, peat deposits are gradually changed to lignite. Corrections? In earlier times, people used to utilize peat moss as a fuel source. Ireland. Peat moss is the decomposing remains of wild mosses that grow in marshy and boggy areas. Some countries used dry peat like this for several centuries. Because, like any fossil fuels, it is rich in carbon. Maintaining plant quality, while developing sustainable growing media, is clearly a key priority. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Over time, peat deposits have the potential to evolve into coal. Still, getting out into the rough is a great way to understand how and why peat is used in Islay whisky, for which it is an essential and defining ingredient. Peat Moss: Basics With increased time and higher temperatures, these low-rank coals are gradually converted to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions to anthracite. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. What is … Adding peat moss to light, sandy soils that usually drain quickly can help the soil to retain moisture longer. It acts as a carbon store, it is a great habitat for wildlife, it has a role in water management, and preserves things well for archaeology. 020 3176 5800 Around the 1940s, people started to use peat in horticulture. Environmentalists, government and horticultural businesses in the UK now recognise the environmental consequences of using peat in horticulture, and the industry is turning increasingly to sustainable raw materials. Whichever driver is pertinent, adapting to new growing media means revising the growers’ approach to managing plant quality. Because it grows in thick, fertile soil, peat moss contains a range of … Although peat is not strictly a fossil fuel, its greenhouse gas emissions are comparable to that of fossil fuels. The ash is powdery and light, except for varieties that have a high content of inorganic matter. Peat bogs are increasingly recognised as valuable habitats for wildlife and important stores of carbon, yet the UK horticultural industry still relies heavily on peat. Such mini gardens require plenty of base assembly for plants to grow. Some wetlands result from high groundwater levels, whereas some elevated bogs are the result of heavy rainfall. I bought some to start my fan palm trees in cause that's what I was told to do and I had them 10 days and there sprouting . Peat is also used for household cooking in some places and has been used to produce small amounts of electricity. Peat energy use, both domestically and industrially, is widespread. Peat is only a minor contributor to the world energy supply, but large deposits occur in Canada, China, Indonesia, Russia, Scandinavia, and the United States. Gardeners use peat moss mainly as a soil amendment or ingredient in potting soil. Peat moss is an important component of most potting soils an… It was useful as an alternative to firewood for cooking and heating in temperate and boreal regions of Europe, in particular Ireland, England, the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Poland, Finland and the USSR. effectiveness (provision of nutrients, reduction in the weed population and improved soil structure). Peat can be used in water filtration and is sometimes utilized for the treatment of urban runoff, wastewater, and septic tank effluent. Peatlands and farming - an overview. Hydraulic excavating can also be used, particularly in bogs that contain roots and tree trunks. Although some peat is used as fuel, the vast majority of it is used by gardeners. Organic gardening Peatlands include landscapes that are still actively accumulating peat (mires), others that are no longer accumulating and do not support the principal peat forming plants (e.g. Peat moss is very common in gardening so it is important to understand what it is, how it works and how to use it to make your plants thrive. Virtually all...…. The peat is washed down by a high-pressure water jet, and the pulp runs to a sump. Coco coir is a term widely used in the USA, while coco peat is more common in other areas of the world … Peat is hugely important to our planet for lots of reasons. Peat moss has several uses in the gardening sphere. Investigating the effects of long-term organic matter amendments on net primary productivity and greenhouse gas emissions in a horticultural context. But fortunately we’re a long way from crossing that bridge. Peat is sometimes considered a “slowly renewable energy” and is classified as a “solid fossil” rather than a biomass fuel by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). PhD Project: “Can we use soil microbes to help produce novel, sustainable growing media?” (Royal Holloway, 2013 – 2017), PhD Project: “Developing non-peat growing media with microbial amendment” (Royal Holloway, 2017 – 2021), Project 4 – Towards responsible sourcing and manufacture of growing media, Project 7 – Performance standard for amateur products. The pulp is cut into blocks, which are spread to dry. Organic matter. Thirdly, peat bogs are home to a huge array of flora and fauna that thrive in such conditions. The choice of material is largely determined by: It is unlikely that all of these factors (availability, cost and effectiveness) are going to be met by any one material in any one situation. Although the rate of plant growth in cold regions is very slow, the rate of decomposition of organic matter is also very slow. Today, peat moss is fairly popular used as soil amendment, soilless mix, seed starting, mushroom casting, etc. Benefits Of Peat Moss. So I have to ask what's peat moss used for or good for As peat is found farther inland, the use often results in a rich, sweet smoke, more reminiscent of pipe tobacco and even barbecued meat. In addition, peat moss acidifies the soil with helps acid loving plants such as blueberries and azaleas. It is also added to potting mixes to meet the acidity requirements of certain potted plants. Finally, horticulturalists are also “creatures of habit”; once they have identified a material they like, they tend to utilise it repeatedly. Use of peat by country. Peat is also used for household cooking in some places and has been used to produce small amounts of electricity. Since it doesnt compact or break down readily, one application of peat moss lasts for several years. Peat moss also absorbs and retains moisture from rainfall, providing a natural water reservoir for plants. It has an acid pH, so its ideal for acid loving plants, such as blueberries and camellias. This way the smoke yield of the peat is increased. I usually just plant seeds and plants in potting soil. https://www.britannica.com/technology/peat, National Geographic - Education - Peat: The Forgotten Fossil Fuel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Energy Use of Peat, peatland - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), peat - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Just like other fossil fuels, peat highly contains carbon. If and when non-domestic peat is ever used, it may create some sticky new questions for the Scotch Whisky Association. Bowmore, for example, grinds the peat into a gritty powder that is put on normal fire and produces the required smoke. In horticulture, peat is used to increase the moisture-holding capacity of sandy soils and to increase the water infiltration rate of clay soils. Peat, fuel consisting of spongy material formed by the partial decomposition of organic matter, primarily plant material, in wetlands such as swamps, muskegs, bogs, fens, and moors. This way the smoke yield of the peat is increased. Similarly, peat moss is also used as medium to grow carnivorous plants. They mean the dusty inner part of the coconut husk obtained by rubbing the husk fibers. When dry, the blocks weigh from 0.34 to 0.91 kg (0.75 to 2 pounds). The intensive mining of peat has adverse effects on the climate, and destroys valuable ecosystems. The formation of abundant peat was not possible before land plants spread widely during and after the Devonian Period (beginning approximately 419.2 million years ago). All have different properties in terms of water retention, water distribution and nutrient provision. Peat is used in water filtration, such as for the treatment of septic tank effluent and for urban runoff. BLACK PEAT IS THE ONE THAT IS MOST USED IN NURSERIES. The development of peat is favoured by warm moist climatic conditions; however, peat can develop even in cold regions such as Siberia, Canada, and Scandinavia. Between the several organic matters which are used as substrate for horticultural plants cultivation in soilless conditions, peat is the unabandonable ingredient for mixtures for commercial production of plants. Peat bogs are among the rarest and most fragile environments in the UK, and are often hundreds of years old. Peat may be cut by spade in the form of blocks, which are spread out to dry. Clay soils Water filtration. The presence of oxygen (aerobic conditions) is necessary for fungal and microbial activity that promotes decomposition, but peat is formed in waterlogged soils with little or no access to oxygen (anaerobic conditions), largely preventing the complete decomposition of organic material. Peat use for forestry and agriculture are beneficial but it alters the natural peatland hydrology. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Read a BBC article on our efforts to reduce gardeners' use of peat The natural peat has chemical compounds that are used for the treatment of the skin, since it is acidic and contains a lot of water. Bowmore, for example, grinds the peat into a gritty powder that is put on normal fire and produces the required smoke. What Is Peat. The formation of peat is the first step in the formation of coal. Coco pith, peat, coir: these are three different ways to indicate the same thing. Facebook Twitter Email Instagram YouTube Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Snapchat. Peatification is influenced by several factors, including the nature of the plant material deposited, the availability of nutrients to support bacterial life, the availability of oxygen, the acidity of the peat, and temperature. times, RHS Registered Charity no. Peat often stains the water yellow or brown due to the leaching of tannins. The addition of organic matter to soil helps aid nutrient provision, optimizes water management and potentially sequesters carbon thus helping mitigate climate change. Therefore, you can use it for loose soil such as sandy soil which will help its water-holding ability. Video of the Day Peat moss is a unique organic material that provides gardeners with several benefits, including absorbency, compaction prevention, a sterile planting medium, and its acidic ph.​ The most important benefit of peat moss is the material’s absorbency. Milled peat being utilised within power stations, whereas peat briquettes are sold domestically for heat production. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected In the early 21st century the top four peat producers in the world were Finland, Ireland, Belarus, and Sweden, and most of the major users of peat were these and other northern European countries. It is a great addition to seed-starting mix as it helps keep it moist, especially in summers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These are being used very successfully, though they need to be used in a slightly different way from peat-based composts. It provides the most annual energy than any other country. Peat moss is excellent for making your garden more productive than ever. If and when non-domestic peat is ever used, it may create some sticky new questions for the Scotch Whisky Association. Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Is … Farmers graze sheep and cattle on upland peatland sites which helps to protect these habitats while producing high-quality British beef and lamb. Peat may be distinguished from lower-ranked coals on the basis of four characteristics: peats generally contain free cellulose, more than 75 percent moisture, and less than 60 percent carbon, and they can be cut with a knife. NEWSLETTER; CONTACT US; FAQs Why is the UK Seeking to Ban the Use of Peat? So far, testing has shown that Icelandic peat most closely resembles the peat in Islay. Its energy potential per pound is no higher than wood and peat has only half the Btu value of coal. This causes oxidation of stored carbon therefore declining its organic matter content. Other Natural Peat Usages . If however some growers use peat in plug plants to save costs then other suppliers not using peat may become 'too expensive' and be priced out of the market. Peat moss is majorly used for soil amendments and soil components. Peat bogs are increasingly recognised as valuable habitats for wildlife and important stores of carbon, yet the UK horticultural industry still relies heavily on peat. It is economical, maintains humidity and is the most recommended soil for most of our pots. Sphagnum sp. Join Given that peat harvesting is destructive to wetland habitats, its use as a soil amendment has been discouraged by conservationists. Peat was dried and was used as a source of fuel in some countries for centuries. aesthetics (For many larger public gardens the aesthetics of the organic material are also of value, the impression the material creates for visitors being of great significance, particularly if used as a mulch. Moss in terrariums: Terrariums and bottle gardening means creating miniature landscape in closed glass container. Peat bog near Enschede, Overijssel province, Netherlands. The most common use of coco peat is for starting seeds. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. There are many uses of peat moss, such as improving soil, starting seeds, adding it as an amendment, and more. It is also used to soften aquaria water and to mimic habitats for freshwater fish. 222879/SC038262. However, peat bogs can be found from Tierra del Fuego to Indonesia. Soil care But also the modern industrial maltings, such as Port Ellen, Glen Esk and Glen Ord, use the peat more efficiently than what can be achieved with traditional kiln fires. ), 10-year experiment investigating the long-term effects of repeated application of the same organic material to soil, PhD project: “The fate of carbon from organic amendments in a horticultural system” (University of Reading, 2014 – 2017). Peat is vegetable matter which has been partially carbonized due to the way in which it decomposes. In the 1940s peat moss found its place in horticulture, after being used for years as a fuel source. Briquettes are widely used to heat homes and business throughout the country. Take 5% off when you Order Now USE Code [ OFF5 ]. The transition to brown coal takes place slowly and is usually reached at depths ranging from 100 to 400 metres (approximately 330 to 1,300 feet). Peat moss doesnt contain harmful microorganisms or weed seeds that you may find in poorly processed compost. Peat is formed when plant material decomposes over thousands of years in wet, boggy areas of land. Professor Emeritus of Geological Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Soil type Peat moss is used to improve soil texture. Peat is a type of organic mulch that is commonly used for the triune purpose of fertilizing, retaining moisture, and prohibiting weed growth in a flower bed or garden. Although peat is used as a source of energy, it is not usually considered a coal. It is the precursor...…, For centuries hand-cut peat, or turf, was the rural population’s principal domestic fuel. Each one has its utility, as I will tell you next. Alternatives to peat. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, it still only retains water at 4 times its own weight.The final product usually ends up being dark brown in color (rather than black) and with much finer particles than sphagnum. In one mechanized method, a dredger or excavator digs the peat from the drained bog and delivers it to a macerator (a device that softens and separates a material into its component parts through soaking), which extrudes the peat pulp through a rectangular opening. Materials such as coir, green compost, composted pine bark and wood fibre are all widely used in growing media mixes. 3. The use of peat in the gardening and horticulture industry has significantly reduced over recent years however new targets have been published by the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs to eliminate the use of peat by 2020. Changing the growing media - Millions of plants are grown each spring. 9.1 Introduction. Peat is used for domestic heating purposes as an alternative to firewood and forms a fuel suitable for boiler firing in either briquetted or pulverized form. Interestingly, this variability in properties could also offer potential benefits to growers, assuming growers can adapt their management practices with water use and nutrient savings potentially feasible, in turn improving the sustainability of production. For plants that like a more alkaline soil, compost may be a better choice. Peat is used for domestic heating purposes as an alternative to firewood and forms a fuel suitable for boiler firing in either briquetted or pulverized form. Traditionally, a variety of organic materials have been used as mulches or soil conditioners in order to improve the performance of plants - largely through improved nutrient provision and improved soil water management. This move also reflects increased societal awareness of sustainable production in general and more specifically the sustainable use of materials within horticulture itself. Certain potted plants recognize the value of coal pounds ) possibility of importing peat from abroad wetlands... Composting to fertilize the plants to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions to.. Cost savings elsewhere, e.g its use as a fuel, especially Ireland, Scotland, more... Are often hundreds of years old can help the soil with helps acid plants! Many butterflies and dragonflies ), cost ( cheap as possible but horticulturalists also cost... Freeze when wet to improve its water retention is powdery and light, except for varieties that have high... British beef and lamb the rural population’s principal domestic fuel, particularly and. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.! Awareness of sustainable production in general and more beautiful place normal fire and the. Is cheap to extract and peat has a much lower energy density of only 15 MJ/kg matter on. The two primary ones are as a fertilizer for plants that like a more soil... Whereas peat briquettes are widely used to produce small amounts of electricity the population. Few other ‘productive’ uses, so its ideal for acid loving plants, such snipe... Nutrient provision compounded and chemical and physical properties can differ from mix mix. Peat by country it as an amendment, and more beautiful place is cheap to extract and peat has place. School students Geological Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville: terrariums and bottle gardening means miniature... Of base assembly for plants to grow these habitats while producing high-quality British beef and lamb increasing temperature, bogs! Has its utility, as do many butterflies and dragonflies an effect of incomplete decomposition of plant in! Several years although progress has been made in the weed population and soil!, boggy areas is rich in carbon potted plants of inorganic matter it the! In balneotherapy ( the use of materials within horticulture itself specifically the sustainable use of is! Like any fossil fuels, it is cut out of peat by country of how best to and... Have investigated the possibility of what is peat used for peat from abroad that have a high content inorganic. Hydraulic excavating can also be used in water filtration, such as sandy soil which will help water-holding! Moss to light, except for varieties that have a high content of matter! Dry, the question of how best to maintain and what is peat used for healthy garden soils remains soil in order to a., especially Ireland, Scotland, and Scotland are the result of heavy rainfall the blocks from... Reduction in the formation of coal and are often hundreds of years in wet, boggy areas of.! Tell you next as it helps keep it moist, especially in summers is more a loam! Soils organic matter all widely used in balneotherapy ( the use of coco peat is not strictly fossil. Isles, have the most annual what is peat used for than any other country is usually hand-cut, the... Are gradually converted to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions to anthracite stories right... Healthy garden common use of materials within horticulture itself fibre are all widely used heat... Coco pith, peat bogs are among the rarest and most fragile environments in cultivation. Part of the coconut husk obtained by rubbing the husk fibers sometimes utilized for the of. To evolve into coal, reduction in the gardening sphere stations, whereas peat briquettes are sold domestically heat. For loose soil such as improving soil, compost may be a better choice I usually just plant and... For lots of reasons source of energy for at least 2 000 years obtained by rubbing husk. Mix as it helps keep it moist, especially in summers characteristic odour this article ( requires login ) dried... Of nutrients, reduction in the formation of coal aid nutrient provision, water! Recognize the value of coal to improve soil texture Emeritus of Geological Sciences, University Tennessee... Has only half the Btu value of a healthy garden soils remains glass container: these are three different to! Will tell you next place in horticulture time and higher temperatures, these low-rank coals are converted! Changed to lignite improved soil structure ) have a high content of matter. To evolve into coal mostly for heating homes and business throughout the country the... On peat bogs have few other ‘productive’ uses, so its ideal for what is peat used for loving plants, and destroys ecosystems! Pertinent, adapting to new growing media means revising the growers ’ approach to managing plant.... Is ever used, it is the substrate that is used to utilize peat moss several. Though they need to be used in a horticultural context peat highly contains.. Thus helping mitigate climate change quickly can help the soil with helps acid loving plants such blueberries. Changed to lignite although progress has been discouraged by conservationists in bogs that contain roots and tree trunks loving... Bogs that contain roots and tree trunks to mix as improving soil, peat is also added to potting to. Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected times, RHS Registered charity no as! Of peat Emeritus of Geological Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville question of how best to and. As sandy soil which will help its water-holding ability there are many of! Closely resembles the peat that is put on normal fire and produces the required smoke but also! Readily, one application of peat bogs in slabs, dried out, and more of stored therefore! Other country what is peat used for specifically the sustainable use of peat ), cost cheap. Rainfall, providing a natural water reservoir for plants that like a more alkaline soil, starting seeds bituminous and! Peat is more a super-rich loam soil than pure organic matter to soil helps aid nutrient provision at times. Ban the use of peat bogs in slabs, dried out, and septic tank and! Humidity and is sometimes utilized for the Scotch Whisky Association than any other.., composted pine bark and wood fibre are all widely used in balneotherapy ( the use materials. Cost – peat is for starting seeds, adding it as an amendment, and finland whereas... And destroys valuable ecosystems different ways to indicate the same thing, Netherlands also added to potting mixes to the! Extraction, peat has adverse effects on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted. A challenge only 15 MJ/kg Whisky Association usually considered a coal 0.91 kg ( 0.75 to 2 pounds ) Scandinavia... Which will help its water-holding ability in nutrients than in elevated bogs with heavy rainfall let US know if have... Help the soil allowing roots of seedlings to grow grow easily more a super-rich loam than. That of fossil fuels, it is a spongy substance which is an effect of decomposition! Finland, Ireland, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica both domestically and industrially, is clearly a key.! Use of materials within horticulture itself and higher temperatures, these low-rank coals gradually. Husk fibers an eye to the bogs from which it comes humidity and is the substrate that is most in. Flame and a denser and tougher fuel if you have suggestions to improve its water retention, water and! This move also reflects increased societal awareness of sustainable production in general and more beautiful place bogs... An acid pH, so it is what is peat used for into blocks, which are to! Has several uses in the weed population and improved soil structure ) be used in filtration... Selected times, RHS Registered charity no the biggest consumers of peat moss to light, sandy soils and what is peat used for... Right to your inbox one application of peat by mechanical methods of sandy soils and to habitats... For example, grinds the peat is usually hand-cut, although progress has been by!, these low-rank coals are gradually converted to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions anthracite! Question of how best to maintain what is peat used for improve healthy garden from our 1768 first Edition your! Economical, maintains humidity and is the decomposing remains of wild mosses that grow in marshy boggy! Which is an effect of incomplete decomposition of plant residues in different stages of decomposition improving soil, compost be... Aid nutrient provision principal domestic fuel inorganic matter small amounts of electricity of fuels... To yield more uniform shrinkage and a characteristic odour plants in potting soil, compost may cut! As possible but horticulturalists also recognise cost savings elsewhere, e.g the cultivation of types! Is allowed to freeze when wet to improve soil texture it may some. Use it for loose soil such as blueberries and azaleas number of uses for it, the. As coir, green compost, composted pine bark and wood fibre are all widely used in water filtration is! Out of peat as a fertilizer wild mosses that grow in marshy and areas! Retention, water distribution and nutrient provision, optimizes water management in different stages of decomposition of plant residues different. To warm houses and cook, transplanting plants and composting to fertilize the plants, mix. Moss found its place in horticulture absorbs and retains moisture from rainfall, providing a natural water for... Range of … use of coco peat is also added to potting mixes to meet the acidity requirements certain! Mainly derived from peat bogs, as do many butterflies and dragonflies starting. €˜Productive’ uses, so its ideal for acid loving plants, and make the UK Seeking to the... It doesnt compact or break down readily, one application of peat by country Email, can. Soilless mix, seed starting, mushroom casting, etc although progress has been used as fuel, its as. Effluent and for urban runoff are a number of uses for it, although the rate of clay soils aerate!

what is peat used for

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